Some analysts noted that presidential elections attracted much more attention than those for the municipality councils, even though the latter has much more influence on the matters that are of immediate importance to the people. There are various reasons for that, one of the major being the difference in competencies. For municipalities, it is important that the team was capable to work. The tasks here are quite specific, the budget resources are defined by superior authorities, and the results are seen rather soon. Therefore, there is no room for far-reaching visions or global intentions. In that case, there is not much to promise. It is quite the opposite for the president. As he acts together with all state institutions, it is very difficult to separate and evaluate his work, and the intentions are wide by definition. It is often said that the President does not decide anything in the economy. It is not true: he does. First, by proposing the Prime Minister, second, by signing or vetoing laws, third, by initiating laws, fourth, by publicly declaring his position. The latter function is particularly important for the society where economic understanding is very suitable for making promises. President Adamkus, who up until now successfully avoided using economic populism to improve his ratings, could hardly imagine that such behaviour is possible. It remains to realise what destructive effect that will have. The presidential post is probably the most convenient for the economic populists: formally, there is no responsibility for the economic decisions (no need to follow the income/spending balance, to carry out reforms, international financial obligations, etc.), but the obligation to take care of the people’s welfare remains. So why not to cry over “pitiful pensions,“ “young people leaving abroad,“ “the poorly financed police,” “expensive medicines“ and other aspects of reality? And not only during the election campaign. Therefore, it is not only natural, but also very sensible that, when electing the president, people are interested in personal qualities of the candidates, and the analysts – in their standpoints and sound reason. Since the scope of the candidates’ economic views is quite narrow and heavily leaning to the left, testing their sound reason is becoming one of the major criteria to take a voting decision. So why did it not help this time? I don’t think the evaluators lacked sound reason. No, they just wanted badly to enjoy the royal castles, even though they were made of air. The only consolation is that people still maintain their skills to do laundry in a washtub.
 In 2002, the strategic investor in this company, the U.S. Williams International, secretly planned and later sold its share in the company to the Russian company, Yukos.
 The official forecast for GDP growth in 2002 – 5.1 percent (later estimated to be 6.7 percent).
 This is demonstrated by zero or only formal discussions regarding the future of Europe, particularly during the presidential campaign.
 Sajudis – a movement for Lithuania’s freedom which was founded and acted at the beginning of the last decade.
 Wet sausage started to be produced in the Soviet times and was popular in the entire territory of the former Soviet Union. This sausage is still produced in Lithuania and is often called a relic of the Soviet regime.
 Kaliningrad is a town of the Russian Federation. The Kaliningrad Region is an enclave situated among Poland, Lithuania and the Baltic Sea.
 In the economic sense, migration is not a homologous phenomenon. It makes some problems sharper (e. g. the social settlement allowances for immigrants, the increased competition in certain segments of labour market), but defuses other (e. g. the income balance of the pensions financed from the current pay-as-you-go contributions).
 Vytautas Landsbergis was the leader of the movement Sajudis and of the first parliament in Lithuania who proposed giving the collective farms freedom to re-organize into cooperatives or private farms and plan their further activities as they choose. Naturally, many farms collapsed or went bankrupt. Since then, Mr. Landsbergis has been blamed, especially by agricultural workers, for destroying collective-farms in Lithuania.
 The 12th Government of Lithuania of Social democrats and Social liberals, headed by Prime Minister Algirdas Brazauskas.
 This can become quite real after amendments to the Law on Mandatory Health Insurance are passed, which will lay down a discriminative procedure for computing the size of compensations for pharmaceuticals.
 Even the pension reform will be financed from the surplus of the Social Insurance Fund, not from the national budget.
 According to the new Labour Code, the employer has no right to release an employee on unpaid holiday unless it is provided for in the collective agreement. Therefore, if a staff of three people working as poster-drawers decides to send one of them to improve qualification for a week in Paris, they will have to make a job contract, involving negotiations between the employee and the employer, councils, approved procedures and other legal toils, part of which is provided by law but not yet publicly announced.